Biomimetics are fascinating as, very often, nature is better skilled than humans to solve complex problems. Historically, humans started to look at birds to be able to develop airplanes to fly themselves. Biomimetics applications are extremely wide, especially because of the complexity of biological systems and, also probably, for the reason that scientists have not yet uncovered all the mysteries of Nature itself.
Life sciences would strongly benefit from more Nature-inspired innovations like spider web silk used for artificial ligaments thank to their strength and robustness. Other amazing examples come from the virus world: most viruses have an outer capsule 20 to 300nm in diameter, which are remarkably robust and capable of withstanding temperatures as high as 60 °C; they are also stable across the pH range 2-10. Viral capsules can then be used to create nano device components such as nanowires, nanotubes, and nanomaterial. Last but not least, viruses (in their inactivated form) are very often used as carriers for other molecules and allow the delivery of drugs to very precise locations in the human body.
Biomimetics as innovation method is characterized by interdisciplinary information transfer from the life sciences to technical application fields aiming at increased performance, functionality and energy efficiency.
Before jumping in the library or clicking on the links shown below, have a look at the TED Talk Playlist on Biomimetics or Biomimicry. You’ll discover stunning examples and fascinating technologies.
Biomimetics is definitely a field where we need to invest more.
More to discover:
14 Smart Inventions Inspired by Nature: Biomimicry – Bloomberg – 2015
Biomimetics: forecasting the future of science, engineering, and medicine – International Journal of Nanomedicine – 2015: biomimetics-forecasting-the-future-of-science-engineering-and-medicine-2015
The state of the art in biomimetics – Bioinspiration & Biomimetics Review – 2012: 2012-bioinspirationbiomimetics-the-state-of-the-art-in-biomimetics
Nanomedicine and biomimetics: life sciences meet engineering: nanomedicine_and_biomimetics_life_sciences_meet_en_2009
Biomimetics: Design by Nature – National Geographic – 2008
Biomimetic Materials for Tissue Engineering – Advanced Drug Delivery Review – 2007
Living, breathing biomimetic meta materials – MaterialsToday – 2016
Biomimicry: Designing to Model Nature – Whole Building Design Guide – 2014
Biological materials sciences – Max Plank Institute – 2010
Biomimetic Solutions to Sticky Problems – Science – 2007